Eggplant

Eggplant

Botanical name: Solanum melongena

Plant type: Vegetable

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Sandy

Soil pH: Slightly Acidic to Neutral

Planting

  • Start plants indoors 2 months before the soil warms up or buy nursery transplants just before planting.
  • Place 3 to 4 inch tall seedlings 24 to 30 inches apart in well-prepared beds.
  • Pinch out the terminal growing points for a bushier plant.

Care

  • Stake plants over 24 inches tall.
  • Water well and apply a balanced fertilizer every two weeks during the growing season.
  • For bigger fruits, restrict to five or six per plant.

Pests

  • Aphids
  • Spider Mites
  • Tomato Hornworms
  • Downy and Powdery Mildew
  • Eggplant fruit may not ripen properly due to cold temperatures, pest damage, or infertile soils.

Harvest/Storage

  • Harvest 16 to 24 weeks after sowing when the skin of the fruit is shiny and unwrinkled. 
  • Cut the fruit close to the stem, but leaving about an inch of it attached.
  • Eggplants can be stored for up to two weeks in humid conditions no lower than 50 degrees F.

Source: http://www.almanac.com/plant/eggplant