Botanical name: Brassica rapa Rapifera Group

Plant type: Vegetable

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Loamy

Soil pH: Slightly Acidic to Neutral


  • Select a site that gets full son.
  • Soil should be well-draining and loosened to a depth of 12 to 15 inches.
  • Mix in a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost. Till soil well.
  • Start sowing as soon as the ground is workable.
  • Scatter turnip seed. Do not cover the seeds with more than 1/2 an inch of soil.
  • Once seedlings are 4 inches high, thin "early" types 2 to 4 inches apart and maincrop types to 6 inches apart. Do not thin if growing for greens only.


  • Keep the beds weed free.
  • Mulch heavily.
  • Water at a rate of 1 inch per week to prevent the roots from becoming tough and bitter.


  • Root Maggots
  • Flea Beetles
  • Powdery Mildew
  • Downy Mildew


  • Harvest some turnips very early as greens.
  • Harvest early types after about 5 weeks; main crop types after 6 to 10 weeks.
  • Harvest turnips at any size you wish. The small, young turnips are nice and tender.
  • Pull mature turnips before they become woody and before the first frost.
  • Store for up to 3 or 4 months in a cool outdoor place covered with straw.

Source: http://www.almanac.com/plant/turnips